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關于立體綠化建設的十大疑問
    點擊數:843         日期:2014-8-22
一、什么是立體綠化?有哪些主要類型?
立體綠化是指以建筑物和構筑物為載體,以植物材料為主體營建的各種綠化形式的總稱,包括屋頂綠化、垂直綠化、沿口綠化和棚架綠化等。
二、立體綠化有哪些功能作用?
主要功能有凈化空氣、滯塵降污、隔熱降溫、化解熱島效應、調節濕度、改善小環境、蓄積過濾雨水、減輕城市排水壓力、緩解光污染、改善空間景觀面貌、提升現代服務業的投資環境等方面。
三、屋頂綠化是否會引起房屋滲漏?
屋頂綠化構造層由下而上依次為:普通防水層、耐根穿刺防水層、排(蓄)水層、隔離過濾層、種植土層、植物材料層。在對既有建筑物屋頂綠化設計前應對原屋面做大于24小時的蓄水試驗。只要防水層、阻根層鋪設到位,嚴格按規程操作,屋頂綠化一般不會引起房屋滲漏。
四、屋頂綠化是否會影響房屋結構安全?
只要屋頂綠化實施充分考慮房屋承載要求,一般不會對房屋結構安全產生影響。
五、屋頂綠化植物材料如何選擇和配置?
屋頂綠化不宜選擇高大喬木及深根、穿透能力強的植物(如散生竹、玉蘭科肉質深根性植物等),宜選擇適應性強、抗逆性好、便于養護的植物種類。喬灌木宜種植在承重梁、柱部位。植物高度應控制在4m以下,大灌木、小喬木種植位置距離女兒墻水平距離應該大于2.5m。
六、屋頂綠化覆土深度有何要求?
根據不同的植物材料確定覆土深度,如草本地被植物種植土層厚度應10cm以上,小灌木種植土層厚度應30cm以上,大灌木、小喬木種植土層厚度應60cm以上。
七、墻面綠化植物材料如何選擇?
墻面綠化一般宜選擇抗性強、低維護、耐修剪的攀爬類植物。墻面貼植可以選擇枝條柔韌、耐修剪的植物。構件綠墻應根據立地條件選擇枝葉密集、抗性強的植物。
八、棚架綠化的適用范圍?
棚架綠化兼具遮蔭和景觀效果,戶外停車場、公交站點候車亭都可以應用棚架綠化,形成綠蔭停車場、綠蔭候車亭。
九、窗陽臺綠化如何確保安全?
窗陽臺采用外掛式種植容器綠化,則結構強度應滿足相關荷載要求。支架、連接架等附屬物必須牢固、耐久,且應定期維修保養。臺風期間,應將容器綠化取下,放至安全位置。
十、建設立體綠化有哪些獎勵政策?
建設立體綠化達到一定規模,可按規定享受獎勵。
上一條信息:中國建筑防災設計任重而道遠      下一條信息:建筑設計堅持經濟適用美觀大方
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